What is Medicine

In other words, medicine is a field of study that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases. It encompasses a wide range of practices, including the use of drugs, surgery, and other therapies to cure or alleviate illnesses.

Fields of medicine

Internal Medicine: Physicians specializing in this field focus on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of adult diseases.

Pediatrics: This branch deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents.

Surgery: Surgeons perform operations and procedures to treat diseases, injuries, or deformities through manual or instrumental techniques.

Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN): These physicians specialize in women’s health, pregnancy, childbirth, and reproductive health.

Neurology: Concerned with disorders of the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles.

Psychiatry: Specializing in mental health, psychiatrists diagnose and treat mental disorders.

Dermatology: Focused on skin-related issues and diseases.

Orthopedics: Concentrating on musculoskeletal system disorders, including bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

Cardiology: Specialists in this field deal with heart-related conditions and diseases.

Ophthalmology: Concerned with eye diseases, vision, and eye surgery.

ENT (Ear, Nose, and Throat): Specialists focus on disorders related to the ear, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck.

Anesthesiology: Involved in administering anesthesia and managing pain before, during, and after surgical procedures.

Radiology: Specialists in this field use medical imaging techniques to diagnose and treat diseases.

Emergency Medicine: Physicians specialize in acute care and managing medical emergencies.

Family Medicine: Concerned with comprehensive healthcare for individuals and families, emphasizing disease prevention and health promotion.

Pathology: Dealing with the study of disease through examination of organs, tissues, cells, and bodily fluids.

Medicine Branches

Anatomy: This is the examination of the physical form of the body.

Biochemistry: Biochemists examine the effects of various chemicals as they interact within the body.

Biomechanics: This concentrates on the form of biological components in the body’s system with mechanical considerations.

Biostatistics: Applying statistics to biological research fields. It is vital for effective medical studies and medical practice in general.

Biophysics: It employs physics, math, chemistry and biology to make a picture of how things work in an organism.

Cytology: The cellular pathology is a diagnostic division in the pathology, which implies the scientific observation under a microscope.

Embryology: It is one of the branches of biology which deals with ontogenesis and its stages, i.e., genesis of individual forms within an organism.

Endocrinology: Researchers examine particular hormones in the body.

Epidemiology: People track the causes, distribution, and control of disease in a population through research.

Genetics: This involves investigation of gene functions with respect to health and development of the body system.

Histology: This entails examination under a microscope, of the form of the structures in question. Also called microscopic anatomy.

Microbiology: Microorganisms study involves the investigation of organisms which can not be observed with bare eyes. These elements of microbiology include bacteriology, virology, mycology (study of fungi) and parasitology.

Neuroscience: Neuroscientists take an interest in the nervous system, the brain, and study of diseases of the nervous system. Psychophysics and computational modeling are parts of neuroscience. For instance, cognitive neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, and molecular neuroscience.

Nutrition: Nutritional science is a specialized niche that analyzes the effect of food and drinks on health and their role in treatment and prevention of various diseases and conditions.


There are many options for any person interested in choosing medicine as a major.

A certain field will appear attractive or preferable for some individual depending on their qualifications, aptitude and preference.


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