What Are Allergies Exactly - KM Son's Pharma Care

Allergies represent our immune system’s overreaction to typically harmless substances. When exposed to these triggers – known as allergens – our bodies respond by releasing chemicals like histamine, leading to various symptoms.

Allergic Reactions

You get an allergic reaction by getting in touch with an allergen. Therefore, your body fights against these by releasing histamines and other chemicals in to your blood leading to allergic reactions that affect your skin, nose as well as stomach.

Common allergens include

  • Airborne allergens: These include pollen, pet dander, dust mites and mold.
  • Certain foods: The food that may trigger a reaction include peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, eggs, and dairy.
  • Insect stings: Bees and wasps
  • Medications
  • Latex

Allergy Symptoms

The severity of your allergy symptoms will depend on which allergen you are allergic to and how it is encountered. Allergens can enter your body in several ways:

  • They enter into your nose and your lungs.
  • Through your mouth
  • Through your skin
  • Absorption of a venom through an insect sting.

If you have a mild allergic reaction, common symptoms might be

  • Itchy, watery eyes
  • Sneezing
  • Itchy, runny nose
  • Feeling tired or ill
  • Rashes and hives

Symptoms of a food allergy could include

  • Tingling in your mouth
  • Your lips swell, you develop large tongue and face as well swollen throat.
  • Hives
  • Stomach cramps, vomiting, or diarrhea
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Allergic reaction
  • Belly pain
  • Anxiety
  • Chest tightness
  • Coughing
  • Diarrhea
  • A hard time breathing or swallowing
  • Dizziness
  • Swelling of the face, eyes, or tongue
  • Anaphylaxis

Testing for Allergies

The allergies are tested here to ascertain your reactions to specific incidences. This is an allergic reaction when your immune response becomes too much. The body will then make a specific type of antibody called Immunoglobulin E (IgE).

There are kinds of allergy testing. Your symptoms and suspicions determine which of these your doctor has to use.

Muscle Testing for Allergies

It is also called applied kinesiology. It is determined during testing how much power different muscles produce when exposed to a possible allergen. A healthcare professional presses a selected group of muscles in the area where an individual is holding onto the possible allergen. A decrease in strength of muscles is interpreted to mean that there’s an allergic or sensitivities response.

Genetic Testing for Allergies

This type of genetic testing involves examining individual genes in an individual’s DNA that are associated with high chances of allergies. Sometimes, this type of testing provides information related to the genetic make-up of individuals and how they may be inclined towards some selected allergic conditions or even susceptible to reactions to specific substances

Hair Testing for Allergies

The procedure known as testing for hair allergies has been in the center of many controversies over whether it measures allergies/intolerance by taking a sample of hair. Supporters claim that there is evidence in hair as regards a person’s wellbeing, revealing sensitivities towards allergens. This approach however is unscientific and thus medically non-reliable for allergy testing.

Diet’s For Allergies

  • Elimination Diet: Do away with such potential allergies like nuts, dairy, soy, wheat among others, thereafter return you back slowly and finally identify those specific triggers.
  • Low-FODMAP Diet: This diet is very common in people suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or intolerance to specific carbohydrates and is designed to avoid such triggers.
  • Gluten-Free Diet: People with celiac disease, gluten sensitivity, and wheat allergies must eat these items. It restricts consumption of wheat, barley, rye and closely related wheat.
  • Milk-Free Diet: This diet does not contain any milk or dairy products for those who are allergic to cow’s milk proteins.
  • Nut-Free Diet: This type of diet is essential when allergic to tree nuts or peanuts that involves abstaining from nuts and derivative items.
  • Plant-Based Diet: Useful though, because it does away with most of the everyday allergens. On the other hand, correct nutrition needs to be taken.
  • Specific Carbohydrate Diet (SCD): This is a low-carbohydrate diet that mainly aims at digestive disorders such as Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and celiac disease.
  • Paleo Diet: Concentrates on wholesome meal and leaves out processed foodstuff such as grains, legumes and dairy products and may decrease allergy symptoms.
What Are Allergies Exactly? 3

Treatment Options

Medications: A person with an allergy can be treated with antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal sprays.

Immunotherapy: Overtime, the body may get immune to allergens by way of allergy shots or oral tablets.

Living with Allergies: Tips for Daily Life

Creating an Allergy-Friendly Environment

Regular Cleaning: Washing of beddings and using HEPA filters while frequent vacuuming can reduce allergenic substances.

Allergy-Proof Diet: Certain foods can worsen the symptoms of an allergic reaction; consulting a nurse-specialist can determine allergen triggers.

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